I have rewritten my VPN guide for Qubes 4.0, since my old post from 3.2, didn’t work out of the box and some supposed solutions on the web, didn’t sit well with me. The above link was too much hassle for me, so I chose to investigate how I can make a guide like the last one, just for Qubes 4.0.
Here it is, although the changes are few:
Create your vpn appVM, based on your preferred fedora template:
Add the ‘network-manager’ as a service :
Tur on the AppVM, and when the network icon appears, add the vpn connection:
Select the OpenConnect type:
Insert FQDN in the gateway section and save.
Start the VPN connection:
Type yur password and the connection will be established and your icon look like this:
I suddenly got a message that there are new updates to fedora-26 and those updates was the release of a fedora-27.
Sadly, there is no qubes fedora-27 template :
so I think we will have to follow the guide used in fedora-25 -> fedora-26 and see if we can use that for fedora-26 -> fedora-27 (and probably 28 also…):
clone the VM
prepare the new template and start gnome-terminal to configure the new release and run updates
See the error, showing there’s missing fc27 repository in qubes 3.2.
disable all qubes repositories and update to fedora 27 in the TemplateVM and select 26 hoping the differences are not too many ( list here).
I think it’s better to use the fedora-26 qubes repo, from Qubes 3.2 on fedora-27, than trying the Qubes 4.0 fc27 repo, but I have no actual knowledge backing it up. Funny that Qubes 4.0 has a fc28, when it hasn’t been released properly yet. That is amazing 🙂 Great work, Qubes-team. (I couldn’t get it to work on 4.0, though)
Change fc$releasever in the repo-file to fc26, before the dnf update, and run it:
After applying updates, shut down the VM and clean up the files in dom0:
And voilá. The TemplateVM is ready to go, without any warranties, but it seems with KeePassXC 2.3.1 instead of 2.2.4, as an example (Better browser integration :).
And with Fedora 28 in beta, it might be a good idea to do the above again, just with fedora 28 and qubes fedora 26 repository.
Let’s start generating some keys that do not expire. We can always revoke them, if neccessary instead. No need for expiration, if they are kept secure. All of this activity should be performed in ‘vault’, so the below is just for educational remembrance. Remember to create a revocation key that you put somewhere safe, just in case your machine get’s stolen or breached:
[user@untrusted ~]$ gpg2 –full-generate-key
Enter the passphrase for the keys, when done typing infomation.
The following is just for showing that we need to move the mouse, etc. to generate random data. It’s over, literally, in a second.
Get the fingerprint of the key:
[user@untrusted ~]$ gpg2 –fingerprint
So now we have a private and a public key stored in ~/.gnupg/
Be sure to ulpad to keyservers, if you are to use it to communicate with strangers.(searchable):
$ gpg2 –keyserver keys.gnupg.net –send <keyid>
Also maybe send to pgp.mit.edu and subkeys.pgp.net or whomever seems sensible.
Remember to generate the revoke certificate, just in case 🙂
$ gpg2 –output revoke.asc –gen-revoke <keyname>
And if the stuff gets stolen, breached or whatever, you can revoke it locally with an import:
$ gpg2 –import revoke.asc
And remote revoke it by doing the following on all keyservers you submitted to
$ gpg2 –keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu –revoke <keyid>
We can use gpg2 to encrypt, sign and decrypt messages, but if we wan’t to use enigmail in thunderbird, we need to do the following:
[user@untrusted ~]$ thunderbird
After setting up the mail account, configure the enigmail plugin, if we are comfortable using that:
Select the fast and easy setup…
It looks in the users .gnupg directory and asks if it’s ok, and I guess, yes.
Now, we can start signing and encryping messages 🙂
If this story has any meaning to you, a deletion of your facebook profile is the way to go. You an download your data for a preview and to get shocked or comforted, and the link to salvation is here .
My old deacivated facebook was 18mb, including 2 videos of approximately 9,8MB, so not a big deal. But some private conversations, was there, of course.
And if people talk about BigBrother, and are angry about their government watching them, but freely gives everything they do to Google, youtube, facebook et al, ignore them. They must be stupid.
Debian has support though, so change your sys-usb template to run on debian(greyed out in picture, because machine is running):
You have to reselect the terminal in the tab “Applications”, since the app and location isn’t the same. But then you can mount the device properly:
Then copy the files(or move or whatever) to the machine of your choice to manipulate or store them for viewing and backup:
And wait for it to finish …
Here they are:
If you moved them, you don’t have to clean your memory card, but I just wan’t to be sure all formats are ok, before deleting anything ;
The following error, updating dom0 :
- tar: /var/lib/qubes/dom0-updates: Cannot open: No such file or directory
tar: Error is not recoverable: exiting now
Dom0 updates dir does not exists: /var/lib/qubes/dom0-updates
Seems to be fixed with the following commands in the template used by your updateVM (my case whonix-gw, which is gateway for sys-whonix updateVM:
sudo mkdir /var/lib/qubes/dom0-updates sudo chown user:user /var/lib/qubes/dom0-updates
Restarting the updateVM is needed for the VM to reload with the correct setup.
OpenConnect on Qubes 3.2. Using a vpn ProxyVM to connect to Cisco ASA VPN .
Create a new vpn ProxyVM using fedora-26 template:
Due to a bug in software from Fedora 25 and later, you have to install a ‘NetworkManager-openconnect-gnome’ package, (which is not in the template by default) or you will get an error creating the VPN Connection in vpn:
So install the package:
Create the Openconnect connection without errors:
Configure the site:
Type your username and password, when connecting, and you’re good to go. This also supports 2FA.
When starting the ProxyVM, the extra network icon appears in the upper right corner and you can use it to connect. Very neat, indeed.
Start the selected TemplateVM (I selected fedora-26, since it’s default in Qubes). Clone it if you want.
A prerequisite is the Libxxs shared object, but here was provided a solution for installing it i Fedora.
So, since this is a prerequisite for the VMware Horizon View client, install it now:
Answering yes to any questions.
Start the terminal in and copy the download link from a browser (I try to minimize the use of direct internet access in templates). Download the client.
make the file executable and Install the client(remember sudo ;):
Obviously select yes:
Choose whatever your heart desires:
Await the copying of files…
Choose scan to see if everything is in order:
Chose close and start the client:
Begin configuring your environment:
UPDATE Thursday 19 July:
With newer client I exprienced black screen when logging on to VDI vmware horizon, but disabling H.264 helped.
You can also start vmware-view with the following to avoid black screen:
# vmware-view –enableNla
Qubes has a new graphical feature that enables you to attach a USB device to your VM and then mount it on the VM
The above “work” was already selected and ready for unmounting. Lets go to the VM and list the added disk and mount it:
If in doubt which disk is which, deattach it in Qubes Manager and fdisk -l again to see what’s missing.